Glossary

Aboriginal

There are different ways to define the Aboriginal population in Canada. The 2006 Census also provides information on persons who self-identified with an Aboriginal group. Depending on the application, data on either identity or ethnic origin/ancestry may be appropriate. Aboriginal identity refers to those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian Band or First Nation. Aboriginal ancestry refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. ‘Ethnic origin’ refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent’s ancestors.

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary, 2006

Census Community Profile

“These profiles present community-level information from the 2006 Census of Population from Statistics Canada.” The profile for each community includes many of the individual variables listed in the Resource Catalogue and is combined in the Neighbourhood Profile documents prepared by the City of Saskatoon.

Source: Statistics Canada http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-591/index.cfm?Lang=E

Census subdivision (CSD)

“Area that is a municipality or an area that is deemed to be equivalent to a municipality for statistical reporting purposes (e.g. as an Indian reserve or an unorganized territory). Municipal status is defined by laws in effect in each province and territory in Canada.”

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary, 2006

Census Variable

“A subject about which statistical information can be retrieved from the census database about our communities’ social, economic and physical environments.”

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary, 2006

These variables are represented by the categories in the Community View Collaboration Resource Catalogue.

Column pinning

A function that allows the user to easily view data in a table with many columns by clicking and dragging the blue bar on the far left of the table. Pinning allows you to temporarily hide columns that are not of immediate interest.

Collaboration

“A recognized relationship among different sectors or groups, which have been formed to take action on an issue in a way that is more effective or sustainable than might be achieved by the public health sector acting alone.”

Source: Core competencies in Public Health. Release 1.0, Public Health Agency of Canada, 2008

The CVC is working together to bring data from different human service sectors and community-based organizations, along with the many other resources, projects, initiatives and research to one place that will contribute to the well-being of the Saskatoon community.

Community Partner

Community organizations, agencies, and researchers that work cooperatively to provide support by sharing data, information and other resources to the Community View Collaboration with the common goal of healthy living for all.

Data Cart

Allows the user the select multiple resources (indicators and/or census resources) from the resource catalogue and bring them together in one location where the mapping tool can be used to create multi layered mapped results, or the data can be refined for data charting and exporting.

Deprivation Index

The Deprivation Index is a measure of the level of material and social deprivation within a geographic area. It is calculated by the Institute Nationale de Sante Publique du Quebec for all Canadian jurisdictions and is made up of the following variables from the long form Statistics Canada Census:

Material deprivation index

  • Percentage without high school graduation
  • Employment ratio
  • Average income

Social deprivation index

  • Percentage of single-parent families
  • Percentage of persons living alone
  • Percentage of persons separated, divorced or widowed

Source: Pampalon et al., 2009

Determinants of Health

“The range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors which determine the health status of individuals or populations. (WHO, Health Promotion Glossary, 1998) These can include peace, shelter, education, food, income, a stable ecosystem, sustainable resources, social justice, and equity. (Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, 1986) These determinants can be grouped in five broad categories: genetics, the physical environment, the social and economic environment, individual behaviour and the health care system.”

The resources in the CommunityView Collaboration are generally categorized by health determinants.

Source: PHAC http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/hl-mvs/ipchls-spimmvs/glossary-glossaire-eng.php

Document

Reports, articles, and external links from key partners, associations, and agencies along with current research that provides evidence or a record of events relevant to key issues in Saskatoon and area. These are accessible through the Community View Collaboration Resource Catalogue.

GeoClip

Mapping software used in the Community View Collaboration.

Geodata

Geodata, or geographic data, is information that identifies the geographic location of features and boundaries on the earth. Thematic mapping uses geodata and tabular data to display the spatial pattern of a social or physical phenomenon. Community View provides geodata for Saskatoon neighbourhoods and the 2006 Census Sub-divisions, allowing indicators and Census variables to be thematically mapped at either geography.

Hot Topic

A forum in which to access prepared information and data packages on issues or themes of high importance within the Community View Collaboration.

Indicator

“An attribute that can be used to measure and/or record an event, process, or phenomenon.”

Source: Last, M. A Dictionary of public health. Oxford University Press, 2007

CVC has developed a list of indicators in consultation with its partners that reflect important measures for Saskatoon and area. Indicators can be mapped, charted and tabled when combined with a geography, year and/or sub variable as well as with another indicator.

Intersectoral

“Intersectoral means working with more than one sector of society to take action on an area of shared interest. Sectors may include government departments such as health, education, environment and justice; ordinary citizens; non-profit societies or organizations; and business.”

Source: PHAC http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/hl-mvs/ipchls-spimmvs/glossary-glossaire-eng.php

Margin of error

The margin of error is an indicator of how confident we are in a measure. For example, in the field of health, researchers are generally satisfied being 95% certain of a finding. The margin of error is a value that is either added to or subtracted from the measure of interest. The resulting value is the confidence interval.

For example, if the diabetes hospitalization rate was calculated to be 1.3 per 1,000 and the margin of error was plus or minus .2, then the 95% confidence interval is 1.1 to 1.5 per 1,000.

Source:McCandless & Oliva, 2003

Metadata

“Simply defined, metadata is data that describes other data. It provides additional information about the data that the GIS uses, which is not included in the data itself, such as date of origination, currency, accuracy, extent, format, custodianship, and collection methodology. Metadata is typically stored in data models, dictionaries, schemas and other representations. Spatial metadata supports easier data access and management. The adoption of metadata standards promotes consistency in the naming, defining, operating, and cataloging of data among different entities.”

Source: TOXMAP Environmental Health E-Maps. What is "metadata"? United States National Library of Medicine, 2009

Neighbourhood

“A district that forms a community within a town or city. The City of Saskatoon uses neighbourhoods to describe Saskatoon communities. Statistics Canada uses these neighbourhood boundaries to retrieve custom data from the Census.”

Source: Neighbourhood Profiles, City of Saskatoon

Pivot

A function by which users can change the way data results are displayed in table or chart in the Community View Collaboration. The user may pivot the table by year, geography or sub variable.

Resource

An item in the Community View Collaboration Resource Catalogue. Assets from census, population health indicators, spatial data, documents, and reports that can be drawn on to fulfill common needs for efficient, timely, and relevant data dissemination, and meaningful dynamic monitoring and reporting tools.

Resource Catalogue

An information system that houses an extensive list of available assets from a variety of local, regional, provincial and national resources in systematic order. Housed within the Community View Collaboration, it provides users with relevant, reliable, local information and evidence to inform planning, decision-making and policy for Saskatoon and surroundings.

Sub-variable

A sub-category within a variable (primarily Census) that further specifies the information to be retrieved. By requesting information at the sub-variable level, users’ data search in the Community View Collaboration Resource Catalogue can be narrowed. Sub variables can be combined with a chosen geography and year, along with another sub-variable or indicator in order to map, chart or create a data table of your results in a refined way. Limiting the sub variables within a data request to one or two will keep the results clear and concise.

Available Geographies

Saskatoon –all neighbourhoods

Neighbourhoods as determined by the City of Saskatoon.

Saskatoon Residential Neighbourhoods

Neighbourhoods excluding low population areas such as industrial, development, or management areas in Saskatoon. It is recommended that this geography be used for mapping health events, as the population numbers in industrial, development and management areas are very low and can lead to unstable rates.

Saskatoon Health Region CSDs (census subdivisions)

An area in the Saskatoon Health Region that is “a municipality or an area that is deemed to be equivalent to a municipality (e.g., as an Indian reserve or an unorganized territory) for statistical reporting purposes in the census.”

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary

Cities in SHR

Cities according to the Saskatchewan Ministry of Health Residence Codes

Source: Saskatchewan Health

Towns in SHR

Towns according to the Saskatchewan Ministry of Health Residence Codes

Source: Saskatchewan Health

Saskatoon Health Region Urban CSDs

Cities, towns and villages in the Saskatoon Health Region, according to the Statistics Canada, for statistical reporting purposes for census subdivisions.

Saskatoon Health Region Rural CSDs

Rural municipalities in the Saskatoon Health Region, according to the Statistics Canada, for statistical reporting purposes for census subdivisions.

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary

Saskatoon Health Region Reserve CSDs

Indian Reservations in the Saskatoon Health Region according to the Statistics Canada, for statistical reporting purposes for census subdivisions.

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary

SaskHealth Rescode Villages

Villages as determined by Saskatchewan Health residence codes. A residence code is a 5 digit numeric code which uniquely identifies each city, town, village, rural municipality (RM) and First Nation in Saskatchewan.

Source: Saskatchewan Health

SaskHealth Rescode Towns

Towns as determined by Saskatchewan Health residence codes. A residence code is a 5 digit numeric code which uniquely identifies each city, town, village, rural municipality (RM) and First Nation in Saskatchewan.

Source: Saskatchewan Health

Saskatoon LICO Affluent NBHDS

Neighbourhoods categorized as affluent in the Saskatoon Health Region’s Health Disparity by Neighbourhood, 2006 article. “LICO - Low Income Cut-offs are intended to convey the income level at which a family may be in straitened circumstances because it has to spend a greater portion of its income on the basics (food, clothing and shelter) than does the average family of similar size. LICOS vary by family size and by size of community.”

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary

Saskatoon LICO Core NBHDS

Neighbourhoods categorized as low income in the Saskatoon Health Region’s Health Disparity by Neighbourhood, 2006 article. “LICO - Low Income Cut-offs are intended to convey the income level at which a family may be in straitened circumstances because it has to spend a greater portion of its income on the basics (food, clothing and shelter) than does the average family of similar size. LICOS vary by family size and by size of community.”

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary

Saskatoon Health Region Affluent NBHDS

Neighbourhoods determined to have high socio-economic status based on the Deprivation Index using 2001 census variables. The deprivation index values were calculated by the Institute Nationale de Sante Publique du Quebec for all Canadian jurisdictions.

Source: Pampalon et al., 2009

Saskatoon Health Region Average NBHDS

Neighbourhoods determined to have average socio-economic status based on the Deprivation Index using 2001 census variables. The deprivation index values were calculated by the Institute Nationale de Sante Publique du Quebec for all Canadian jurisdictions.

Source: Pampalon et al., 2009

Saskatoon Health Region Deprived NBHDS

Neighbourhoods determined to have low or deprived socio-economic status based on the Deprivation Index using 2001 census variables. The deprivation index values were calculated by the Institute Nationale de Sante Publique du Quebec for all Canadian jurisdictions.

Source: Pampalon et al., 2009

SHR North Health Centre

Saskatoon neighbourhoods served by the North Health Centre.

SHR West Health Centre

Saskatoon neighbourhoods served by the West Health Centre.

SHR SouthEast Health Centre

Saskatoon neighbourhoods served by the Southeast Health Centre.

SHR Our Neighbourhood Health Centre

Saskatoon neighbourhoods served by Our Neighbourhood Health Centre.

Invalid/Retired/Non-geographic codes

Data that can’t be mapped but still has an impact when comparing data at various levels of geography.

Source: Statistics Canada Census Dictionary